Depleted Uranium Working Group Contact Information
Marion Kuepker, International Coordinator
GAAA. Beckstr. 14, 20357
- International Coalition to Ban Uranium Weapons. Campaigns for a ban on the use of uranium in all conventional weapons and weapon systems and for monitoring, health care, compensation and environmental remediation for communities affected by their use. Contact Doug Weir at email@example.com.
- UK Campaign Against Depleted Uranium UK-based organization devoted to achieving a ban on DU weapons. Much information including an introduction to DU online and available by phone (in England) at +44 (0)161 273 8293 / 8283.
- Military Toxics Project. The Military Toxics Project a non-profit network of communities challenging military environmental contamination has recently published a sixteen-page fact sheet on DU. We previously published a variety of longer reports on DU, and fact sheets on other topics. Contact us by phone at (207) 783-5091 or by email at firstname.lastname@example.org if you’d like to receive more information or join our network.
- Don’t bank on uranium weapons. Check if your bank invests in uranium weapons manufactures. If so, change banks.
- Global petition to ban uranium weapons. Have you endorsed?
- 2016 UN resolution on uranium weapons. Ask your government how it is responding to the resolution? What will they report back to the UN on progress to implement this resolution?
Military Toxics Project Depleted Uranium Ammunition: Nuclear Waste as a Weapon
Enrichment of uranium for use in nuclear weapons and reactors produces various waste products, including so-called depleted uranium (DU). For the past twenty-five years, the U.S. Department of Defense has produced ammunition using this nuclear waste, which is both radioactive and chemically toxic. Evidence of environmental and human health damage caused by depleted uranium has steadily increased, despite Pentagon assertions that such impacts would not occur. The United Nations Human Rights Commission Sub-Commission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities considers DU munitions to be weapons of mass destruction or with indiscriminant effect and incompatible with international humanitarian law.
What is Depleted Uranium?
Depleted uranium (DU) is a waste byproduct of the enrichment of natural uranium for use in nuclear reactors and nuclear weapons. DU is mostly composed of Uranium isotope 238, but does contain small amounts of more highly radioactive U-234 and U-235. DU created when used nuclear fuel is reprocessed may also contain plutonium and other extremely dangerous substances. The half-life of DU (the time it takes for half to decay and turn into another substance) is 4.5 billion years.
The term depleted uranium is misleading and does not mean that DU is harmless. DU is somewhat less radioactive than natural uranium that has been processed and concentrated, but can still harm humans. DU emits about 60% as much alpha radiation as naturally occurring uranium that has been processed and concentrated, about 85% as much gamma radiation, and essentially the same amount of beta radiation. DU’s chemical toxicity is the same as that of natural uranium.
The U.S. military has produced weapons made of depleted uranium for over twenty-five years. These weapons have proliferated to at least seventeen other countries and are being sold on the world arms market by U.S. manufacturers and others. The most common DU weapons in the U.S. arsenal are 120mm shells fired by M1 tanks and 30mm shells fired by A-10 aircraft.
DU weapons were first used in conflict during the first Gulf War in 1991. Over 350 tons of DU were left in the soil, air, and water of Iraq and Kuwait at that time. DU was also definitely used in Bosnia (1994-1995), Kosovo (1999), and Iraq (2003), and may have been used in Afghanistan (2001-2003).
DU has been processed and tested at dozens of locations throughout the U.S. , creating extensive contamination.
• The National Lead Industries factory in Colonie , NY , closed in 1980 after DU particles were found 26 miles away and DU levels in soil were 500 times higher than neighboring areas. (Len Dietz, 1996)
• The Starmet plant in Concord , MA dumped 400,000 pound of DU and other toxic substances into an unlined pit over twenty-five years. DU contaminated soil and groundwater, and is moving toward drinking water supplies. (Citizens Research and Environmental Watch, Concord , MA )
• The former Jefferson Proving Ground in Madison , IN contains over 150,000 pounds of DU shells and fragments. The U.S. Army wants to walk away from the contamination without performing any cleanup or ongoing environmental monitoring. ( U.S. Army & Nuclear Regulatory Commission)
Health and Environmental Damage
When a DU shell hits a hard target such as a tank or building, it burns and produces a tiny ceramic dust that can be inhaled. These particles can remain in the environment for many years, travel for miles on air currents, re-suspend into the air when disturbed, and migrate into soil and groundwater. DU particles that are ingested or inhaled can lodge in the lungs, bones, kidneys, and reproductive organs and cause damage through radiation and toxic properties. Studies have linked DU exposure with damage to the kidneys; immune, nervous, respiratory, and reproductive systems; cancer; and genetic mutations.
Research over the past decade has produced increasing evidence that DU can harm humans.
• DU has been found in the urine of Gulf War veterans and Iraqi civilians eight years after exposure. (Rosalie Bertell, Ph.D, GNSH, Gulf War Illness Conference, 1999)
• Animal studies found that DU lodges in high concentrations in a variety of organs; causes changes to the brain; crosses the placenta to the fetus; and is associated with mutations. (U.S. Armed Forces Radiobiology Institute)
• A recent U.S. military study found that DU damages the chromosomes that carry human genes. (U.S. Armed Forces Radiobiology Institute)
• Radioactive and toxic properties of DU appear to reinforce each other, causing more extensive damage than the properties would separately. You can get more than an eight-fold greater effect that you’d expect, says DoD scientist Alexandra Miller. ( The Guardian , April 17, 2003 )
DU remains in the environment for many years after testing or combat use and can reach humans through a variety of pathways, including soil, air, drinking water, and food.
• At the former Jefferson Proving Ground in Indiana , DU has entered the food chain and been found in deer, clams, and fish. (Lockheed Analytical Services)
• DU was found in Kosovo over two years after its use there. Researchers found localized DU contamination at 10,000 times normal, found DU contaminated with plutonium, and found evidence of airborne movement of DU dust. (United Nations Environment Programme)
• Investigators found widespread DU contamination in soil, air, and lichen in Serbia and Montenegro over two years after the conflict there. (United Nations Environment Programme)
• DU remains in Bosnia and Herzegovina over seven years after its use. Particles were found suspended in the air inside buildings and in drinking water. (United Nations Environment Programme)
Oppose DU Transportation Exemption!
The U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) has applied for the renewal of a special U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) exemption, DOT-E 9649, which allows the shipment of depleted uranium munitions without a DOT “Radioactive” placard displayed on the shipment. Help stop renewal of the special military exemption from labeling of depleted uranium weapons shipments on U.S. roads.
Action: Contact the Department of Transportation Exemptions division and ask that the DOT immediately terminate and not renew DOT-E 9649.
High Uranium Levels Found in Troops and Civilians – Report of Censored Media Stories on Uranium by Bob Nichols, #4 in Project Censored – Top 25 Censored Media Stories of 2003-2004
Depleted Uranium: The Trojan Horse of Nuclear War – Article by Leuren Moret, published in The Journal of International Issues; July 1, 2004
Since 1991, the United States has staged four wars using depleted uranium weaponry, illegal under all international treaties, conventions and agreements, as well as under the US military law. The continued use of this illegal radioactive weaponry, which has already contaminated vast regions with low level radiation and will contaminate other parts of the world over time, is indeed a world affair and an international issue.
Reports from World Uranium Weapons Conference – Conference held in Hamburg, Germany, October 16-18, 2003
Department of Energy DUF6 Information Network DOE’s page on depleted uranium hexafluoride.
Department of Veterans Affairs Depleted Uranium Focus Area DVA’s response to DU (be warned!)
Depleted Uranium Lists and Links Good compendium of DU discussion lists and web sources on line at as part of the Energy Justice Network site.
Institute for Energy and Environmental Research – An online technical training classroom and many fact sheets covering uranium and nuclear issues are available. Ph: (301) 270-5500.
International Coalition to Ban Uranium Weapons Founded in October, 2003 by grassroots organizations and experts.
Laka Foundation Extensive information on nuclear issues including DU online and by phone (in Holland) at +31 206168294.
Low Level Radiation Campaign Includes information on DU and health effects of low level radiation. Phone: +44 (0) 1597 824771(England)
Military Toxics Project DU List Serve Email discussion list about DU that includes 245 members from over a dozen countries. To join the list, go to http://groups.yahoo.com/group/du-list/ or send an email to email@example.com
Nuclear Policy Research Institute Uses mass media to educate the public about dangers from nuclear weapons, power, and waste (including DU)
Trail of a Bullet Series of articles about DU published in the Christian Science Monitor newspaper
Traprock Peace Center – With a long history of peacemaking, the Traprock Peace Center fosters community, serves youth and students and provides vital resources and education programs regionally and nationally.
United Nations Environment Programme Post-Conflict Assessment Unit Includes reports and statements about DU in the former Yugoslavia and Iraq
U.S. Department of Defense Deployment Health Support Directorate DU Library
WISE Uranium Project Tremendous amount of information about DU, radiation, and related issues online. Phone: (in Germany) at +49-35200-20737.
Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom (Australia) Great basic information on DU and its impacts available.